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Module 45

First Nations and the New Empires

Elizabeth Jane Errington

This module explores the some of the experiences of First Nations communities in British North America in the 19th century as they tried to cope with the intrusion of white settlers and imperial policies in their territories and their lives. The module highlights how, using the tools of ethnohistory, scholars are able to iilustrate the active involvement of Aboriginal leaders and peoples in shaping their own future. It also offers a glimpse into the rich sources that are available in writing such histories.

Primary sources:

1. Photo: Chiefs from the Six Nations Reserve in Brantford Reading Wampum Belts, 1870s    page 8
2. Photo: Wikwemikong Indian Reserve, Manitoulin Island, 1856    page 8
3. Map: Population of British Columbia, 1870    page 9
4. Document: Petition of Paussamigh Pemmeenauweet to Queen Victoria, 25 January 1841    page 10
5. Document: Response of Peau de Chat Concerning Claims to Lands in Northern Upper Canada    page 11
6. Document: Letters from James Douglas, 1849–1851    page 13

Secondary sources:

1. Article: A Unifying Vision: Shingwaukonse’s Plan for the Future of the Great Lakes Ojibwa,
Janet Chute    page 17
2. Article: Longhouses, Schoolrooms and Workers’ Cottages: Nineteenth Century Protestant Mission to the Tsimshian and the Transformation of Class Through Religion, Susan Neylan    page 33

Introduction

List of Modules -- 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50