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Module 41

Women and the Church in New France

Elizabeth Jane Errington

This module explores the relationship between women and the Church in New France, highlighting the differences and the similarities of the experiences of European and Native women with the Catholic Church. Among other things, it highlights the historiographical debates about the impact of Christianity on Native women, and the impact that race, class, and gender expectations had on the work of women religious in the colony.

Primary sources:

1. Document: Excerpts from Father Paul LeJeune “On the Hopes of Converting This People,”1636    page 7
2. Document: Excerpts from Marie de L’Incarnation to a Lady of Rank, 3 September 1640 and Marie to her Son, 9 August 1668    page 9
3. Photo: Catherine Tekakoüita Iroquoise du Saut S. Louis de Montréal en Canada morte enodeur de Saintete
    page 13
4. Photo: “St. Marguerite Bourgeoys”    page 14
5. Photo: A View of the Orphans’ or Ursuline Nunnery from the Ramparts    page 15

Secondary sources:

1. Article: Kateri Tekakwitha’s Tortuous Path to Sainthood Nancy Shoemaker    page 16
2. Article: Caste and Clientage in an Eighteenth-Century Quebec Convent Jan Noel     page 28

Introduction

List of Modules -- 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50