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Module 40

Some Light During Quebec's "Dark Ages": 1944–1960

Molly Pulver Ungar

This module recalls Maurice Duplessis’ actions and influence during his second term as Premier of Quebec and the resulting tide of opposition to his administration. Over the years, artists, intellectuals, journalists, and professors responded to Quebec’s unsatisfactory social conditions, perhaps most notably with the manifesto Refus Global, one of the most creative expressions of opposition to Quebec society under Duplessis’ Union Nationale. This demand for change ultimately led to the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec.

Primary sources:

1. Cartoon: Le Canada, Robert LaPalme      page 9
2. Document: Quebec’s Little Strong Man, Harold H. Martin      page 10
3. Document: Refus Global, Paul-Émile Borduas (translated by Ray Ellenwood)      page 13

Secondary sources:

1. Excerpts from Chapter 4: Cité libre and the Revolution of the Mentalities in Prelude to Quebec’s Quiet Revolution, Michael D. Behiels      page 20
2. Maurice Richard and French Canada, Peter Gzowski      page 25

Introduction

List of Modules -- 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50