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Module 39

Homegrown Terrorism: The October Crisis of 1970

Molly Pulver Ungar
This module explores the cultural and political situation in Quebec in the late 1960s, including the FLQ’s campaign for violent separation from Canada. It examines the events of the October Crisis in 1970, including the kidnappings, the FLQ’s manifesto, the police and military presence, and the invocation of the War Measures Act by then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Lastly, this module examines the legacy of the FLQ and the October Crisis in the years following, exploring complex questions about civil and human rights.

Primary sources:

  1. Document: FLQ Manifesto, October 1970, Marcel Rioux      page 7
  2. Document: Impromptu Interview of Pierre Elliott Trudeau “Just Watch Me”, Tim Ralfe and Peter Reilly      page 9
  3. Document: Notes for a National Broadcast, October 16, 1970 (War Measures Act Speech), Pierre Elliott Trudeau      page 12
  4. Photo: Henri Julien, “Le Vieux de’ 37,” (“The Old Man of 1837”), 1904      page 17
  5. Photo: The FLQ “Manifesto,” 1970      page 17
  6. Cartoon: “Montreal police (and dog) seek FLQ kidnappers,” 1970, Aislin      page 18
  7. Cartoon: Another communiqué ... the FLQ has just kidnapped a large chunk of our freedom”, Leonard Norris      page 18

Secondary sources:

1. The Intellectual Origins of the October Crisis, Éric Bédard      page 19
2. The Terrorists’ Best Ally: The Quebec Media Coverage of the FLQ Crisis in October 1970, Raphael Cohen-Almago      page 29

 

Introduction

List of Modules -- 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50