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Module 38

Canadian External Relations: 1945 - 1957

Colin McCullough

This module examines the major elements of Canada’s External Relations from 1945 to 1957. It discusses how Canadians engaged with the international community after the Second World War by specifically emphasizing the role of Canadians in supporting international organizations like the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization [NATO], the domestic debates regarding Canadian participation in NATO and the Korean conflict, as well as the continuities that existed between this era and the years prior to 1945. The chosen editorial cartoons and newspaper articles offer additional insights into these topics.

Primary sources:

  1. Document: “Atom May Give Canada California’s Winter”, Ross Harkness    page 7
  2. Cartoon: “Welcome Home, Son”, Les Callan    page 9
  3. Document: “Towards a Canadian Foreign Policy”, Lewis Duncan    page 10
  4. Cartoon: “Jones’ Neighbours Will Want One Next”, Les Callan    page 16
  5. Cartoon: “Which Will Fit?”, John Collins    page 17
  6. Document: “Canada Had to Help in Korea: McNaughton”, Canadian Press, The Globe and Mail,
    15 July 1950    page 18

Secondary sources:

1. Shades of Gray? “The Foundations of Canadian Policy in World Affairs” in Context, Hector Mackenzie
page 20
2. Putting Teeth into Collective Security, Norman Hillmer and J.L. Granatstein    page 30
3. Selections from NATO: “Our Only Present Means of Salvation”, Robert Teigrob    page 33

 

Introduction

List of Modules -- 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50