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Module 7

Gender and Evangelical Protestantism in Early Upper Canada

Lynne Marks

In the first half of the century in Upper Canada/Canada West questions of gender, sexuality and often race were very much part of religious debates and religious practices. Popular and often emotionally explosive Methodist camp meetings attracted far flung settlers, as well as many aboriginals, and were denounced by Anglicans as creating sexual chaos and overturning all social and gender hierarchies. This module includes a range of contemporary perspectives on camp meetings, and also addresses the ways in which evangelical denominations maintained sexual order within their own communities, using church discipline to impose a rigid single standard of sexual conduct on men and women alike.

Primary sources:

  1. Image: Circuit Rider with Bible in hand (published 1968, exact date unknown)
  2. Text: Nathan Bangs, ‘Hay Bay Camp Meeting’ (September 1805)
  3. Image: Nathan Bangs. (1820-28)
  4. Image: Early Ninteenth-Century Camp Meeting, Anonymous engraving. (exact date unknown)
  5. Text: The Life, History and Travels of Kah-Ge-Ga-Gah-Bowh (George Copway) (1847)
  6. Text: Susannah Moodie. Life in the Clearings (1853)
  7. Text: Church Discipline Letters. Session minutes of various Ontario Presbyterian Churches (1820-54)
  8. Image: Circuit Rider (1880)

Secondary sources:

  1. Cecilia Morgan. ‘Familial Celebrations: Gender and Religious Discourse’ from Public Men and Virtuous Women: The Gendered Languages of Religion and Politics in Upper Canada, 1791-1850 (1996)
  2. Lynne Marks. ‘No Double Standard?: Gender and Sin in Upper Canadian Church Discipline Records, 1800-1860’ from Kathryn Macpherson, Cecilia Morgan, and Nancy Forestell (eds.), Gender in Canada (1999)

Introduction

List of Modules -- 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50